Share it! Science : Animal Tracking Scavenger Hunt

Animal Tracking Scavenger Hunt

animal tracking scavenger hunt wildlife tracking with kids

A new dusting of snow is the perfect time to go on an animal tracking scavenger hunt! Once you learn a few track patterns it is not hard to piece together the mystery of what these critters have been up to.

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The best part about animal tracking is that you don't have to be on a nature hike to spot tracks. In fact, the tracks I observed this week at my home in a rural area are similar to those you might find in a park, or other more populated setting. Songbirds, squirrels and even dogs and cats leave footprints behind in different patterns. If you observe closely, you can figure out what they were doing while they were out and about.
bird tracks in the snow wildlife tracking
By Tony Hisgett from Birmingham, UK (Bird Tracks Uploaded by Magnus Manske) [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
The Basics
To prepare for an animal tracking scavenger hunt, you'll want to bring a few things with you. For winter, definitely bundle up, if you stay warm, the more fun you'll have! Some other items that are useful are a field guide, a ruler or tape measure and a notebook. You might also want to have a camera or a phone handy to snap some photos.

An excellent field guide to use outdoors, especially in winter, is Mammal Tracks and Scat: Life Size Tracking Guide by Lynn Levine and Martha Mitchell. I would particularly recommend this guide if you are tracking with children. As the tracks are life-sized they are easier to identify. Sometimes it is difficult for children (and adults too!) to envision the difference in scale on a small tracking card and an actual animal footprint. This book also gives diagrams of animal tracking patterns. This is very important, because sometimes a track has melted a bit and may not be as easy to identify, but you can look at the overall pattern to determine what it is instead. The best part of this book is that it is made of weatherproof paper, so it will hold up to any outdoor adventure!

Mammal Tracks and Scat by Lynn Levine and Martha Mitchell

Your state's wildlife or conservation office may have a printable tracking guide for you. These can be laminated or sealed with clear packing tape to make them more useful for winter tracking. Here is an example from the state of Massachusetts.

A ruler or tape measure and a notebook are useful if you plan on making observations on your trip. A weatherproof notebook like those from Rite in the Rain can help withstand soggy mittens!

If you are exploring with smaller children, rather than carry field guides and notebooks you might just bring along a tracking bandana. These have labeled images of tracks on them and can be worn while you walk.
animal tracks bandanna wildlife tracking for kids
There are three things to look for when tracking animals. The shape of the footprint, pattern of the track and gait pattern. The shape of the footprint can give you some information about the exact species you are tracking. The conditions have to be just right to get a really nice print where you can count toes.

If you can't tell exactly what it is, you can use the track pattern to help you. A squirrel or rabbit's tracks for example usually have the two front paws in the back, and the large feet in the front. A mouse's track pattern often has a mark where the tail drags.

Squirrel Tracks- note the hind paw prints out in front.
By Jomegat (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 or GFDL], via Wikimedia Commons
The gait pattern tells how the animal was moving. Was it running, walking or waddling? This can tell you a lot about the animal and what it was doing. For example, prey animals often move more quickly when they are out in the open. Do you notice the squirrels gait pattern changing as it moves between two bushes?

This gray squirrel was moving out in the open- see how far apart each track is? It was making big leaps! ©SBF 2016
It is fun for children to explore their own gait patterns in the snow. What are your tracks like when you run? Skip? Walk? Tiptoe?

Other animal signs you might see while you're outside are scat, feathers, evidence of foraging on plants and other prints in the snow other than tracks. For example, you can see here the four prints left behind by a bird's wing feathers as it swoops down to grab something. 

animal tracking wildlife bird wing imprint in snow
Bird's wingtips. ©SBF 2015

If you find some scat, it's always a fun opportunity to sing the scat rap! 

Before You Head Outside
A book to peruse with children before heading out into the "field" for your exploration is Tracks, Scats and Signs (Take Along Guides) by Leslie Dendy. This guide is written for children and gives some of the basics. You might want to brush up on your skills with a field guide written for adults, like Scats and Tracks of North America.

My all time favorite book to read to kids during this time of year is Lindsay Barrett George's In the Snow: Who's Been Here? The illustrations are beautiful and it really inspires kids to search for clues in nature. Another great picture book for animal tracking is Who's Been Here? A Tale in Tracks by Fran Hodgkins, the story of a dog who goes on a tracking adventure and spies many different animal tracks.
In the Snow: Who's Been Here? By Lindsay Barrett George wildlife tracking children's books

Have fun tracking! We'd love to hear about what you find! Comment below, e-mail us at or leave a message on our Facebook page.

Sweet Little Ones

Monkey and Mouse


  1. Stumbled on here from #Whatevertheweather. Love your detailed explanation on animal tracking.


    1. Thanks for visiting! Was excited to participate in @whatevertheweather this week!

  2. Wow this is brilliant. So great to learn about animal tracking. It's something I find really interesting and would love to learn more about. Thank you so much for sharing this on #whatevertheweather x

    1. Thanks Chloe! Tracking is one of my all time favorite wildlife activities. Glad to be a part of #whatevertheweather last week! :)

  3. This is a great post, we love checking out tracks in the snow. I'm an ecologist by trade, so pre-kids I spent a lot of time outdoors following tracks and checking out scats. Hoping to teach my boys a lot about it too. I especially love that track bandana, such a great idea for kids to compare the tracks to the bandana. Thanks so much for linking up to #Whatevertheweather, sorry I'm a little late commenting this week. :) x

  4. Hi Jenny-
    Thanks for stopping by my post. I had so much fun writing it because it is one of my favorite things to do. I just spotted some neat vole trails as I was headed out to my mailbox. Always something to discover. I love the bandana idea too. We had them at a nature center I worked at, so much easier than hauling around field guides!

  5. what a great unit! Love it! Thanks for sharing at FTF!

    1. Thanks Jen! Was excited to take part in the link-up, hope to do it again when I have another applicable post. :)